The following modules are born as a need to adapt the training curricula to the new technologies that are beginning to make their way into today's society and what better way than creating a project where students encompass all the technologies that are emerging and that are beginning to be available to everyone, such as robotics through boards like arduino with its sensors and actuators, 3D design and printing, which can now be purchased for a small price, and design with open platforms like FreeCAD and graphic programming, such as the inventor app, which opens up a world of
unimaginable possibilities without knowledge of computer syntax. The needs we
propose is that the students who receive this knowledge are initiated in technologies that are the future jobs and that are faster than the updating of
the training curricula that are currently being taught in formal education.
Learning to link them together, as it is a multidisciplinary project and the
current training does not contemplate this possibility unless you study several
training cycles. We can see that current training is only focused on training
in one sector and current companies demand multidisciplinary workers for the
technological positions that are beginning to appear.
- Introduction to Robotics, Structure Design, Fuel Cells and Internet
1. Control boards, sensors and actuators
We are going to enter the world of robotics through:
- Knowledge of different control boards and their characteristics.
- The introduction to graphical and text-based programming.
- The use of sensors and actuators that give the control board other abilities.
2. Fuel cell (power supply)
We are going to study a clean energy source such as Hydrogen.
To do this, we are going to work with an introduction to fuel cells, where we will see what types there are, how they work, etc.
We will finish by carrying out a guided practice so that students can work with batteries and study how they work.
3. Structure design
Every project needs a support where to place the necessary components, such as sensors, actuators, control boards, etc.
At this point we are going to deal with everything related to structural design working with different bases:
- 3d print
- lego pieces
- Recycled materials
For this, different computer programs will be worked on and ideas will be given to be able to develop all our ideas.
4. IoT (Internet of Things)
We are immersed in what is known as "new technologies" that entail a process of total digitization. Within this process, one of the most relevant trends that predicts a future of enormous possibilities is what is known as the IoT (Internet of Things)
or Internet of things.
As its name suggests, the IoT basically tries to connect all kinds of devices or “things” to each other through the network. Each of those devices have some of these capabilities:
- Collect information from the environment through different types of sensors: light, temperature, humidity, pressure, speed, etc...
- Process this information through all kinds of arithmetic/logical operations to obtain a result.
- Control, based on this result, the activation of all types of actuators such as relays, motors, solenoid valves and a long etcetera.
- Communicate. This is the real news! Each of these "things" is capable of communicating with others through local networks (LAN) or external networks (WAN) such as the Internet. A device that captures ambient humidity in a greenhouse can send it
to another device in charge of controlling an irrigation system. A user from Sevastopol can control the alarm of her home located in Beijing.
According to some studies and estimates, in 2020 there were more than 21 billion connected “things”, not counting other devices such as smartphones.
The world population in that same year was about 7.6 billion. According to International Data Corporation (IDC), more than 40 billion devices are expected by 2025.
With these figures it is easy to intuit the importance that the IoT acquires, and this is the reason for this course, to introduce you to this fascinating world.
In this section you can see 5 prototypes built with all the information gathered in the previous points. (under construction)